Rise of Evil - From Populism to Fascism | BETWEEN 2 WARS I 1932 Part 4 of 4

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Rise of Evil - From Populism to Fascism | BETWEEN 2 WARS I 1932 Part 4 of 4 5

Democracy finds itself in a crisis as the 1930s take off. On a global scale, Fascist or otherwise authoritarian and repressive movements and governments seek to destroy the pillars of liberal society.

Hosted by: Indy Neidell
Written by: Spartacus Olsson and Joram Appel
Directed by: Spartacus Olsson and Astrid Deinhard
Executive Producers: Bodo Rittenauer, Astrid Deinhard, Indy Neidell, Spartacus Olsson
Creative Producer: Joram Appel
Post-Production Director: Wieke Kapteijns
Research by: Joram Appel and Spartacus Olsson
Edited by: Wieke Kapteijns
Sound design: Marek Kamiński

Sources icons: Graphic Enginer, Luis Prado
Colorizations: Daniel Weiss, Cassowary Colorizations, Klimbim

A TimeGhost chronological documentary produced by OnLion Entertainment GmbH.

Joachim Scholtyseck, Fascism - National Socialism - Arab ‘Fascism’: Terminologies, Definitions and Distinctions. In: Die Welt des Islams 52
Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism.
Robert J. Soucy, The Nature of Fascism in France, In: Journal of Contemporary History
Scholtyseck, Fascism
Breitman and Kraut, American Refugee Policy and European Jewry, 1933-1945
Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf
Charles Maurras, Dictionnaire politique et critique, Volumes 1-5
Charles Maurras, L'Action Française et la Religion Catholique

💬 Comments on the video

This episode might be a little more academic than our other episodes, but we wanted to cover the global Fascist surge AND that it's just too simple to refer to all totalitarian states and authoritarian and repressive movements as 'Fascist'. Fascism is a very complicated concept that is still today being debated by political scientists and historians, as well as politicians and journalists. We try to give some insight to what Fascism is, what it isn't and what all those movements and countries were, if not Fascist. We appreciate that you might have a different opinion as to what Fascism was or is, and we're interested to hear your opinion. Just keep it civil and try to stay away from modern political debates, as that is not what we're here for. EDIT: As for comments claiming that Fascism was left-wing/socialist, watch the video again. Don't bother commenting if you can't bring a proper argument to the table.

STAY CIVIL AND POLITE we will delete any comments with personal insults, or attacks.
AVOID PARTISAN POLITICS AS FAR AS YOU CAN we reserve the right to cut off vitriolic debates.
HATE SPEECH IN ANY DIRECTION will lead to a ban.
RACISM, XENOPHOBIA, OR SLAMMING OF MINORITIES will lead to an immediate ban.

Author — TimeGhost History


Somebody needs to buy out the History Channel and Fire everybody. Then hire Time Ghost, The History Guy, Mark Felton, etc... to all create content.

Author — Kev Ro


I knew Indy was wise, but I would have never imagined that it was in fact Yoda disguised as Indy Neidell

Author — Wyvern Morgan


Poland turns into dictatorship,
Germany turns into dictatorship,
Austria turns into dictatorship,
Hungary turns into dictatorship,
Romania turns into dictatorship,
Czechoslovakia: but we are still ok right guys?

Author — vlanAlf


Explaining facism is probably one of the most difficult and controversial topics to cover. You nailed it. I love being educated by your video's.

Author — Jurian Westerik


Fascism was rather... Fascionable for its time.

Author — Nick A.


Oh... Finally someone to shine some light over those most obscure ideologies

Author — Ioachim Savian Popovici


“So this is how liberty dies… with thunderous applause..."

Author — Kamil Krupiński


In Chile in 1938, the National Socialist Party tried a coup on September 5.

They all got massacred.

And shifted the balance of popular support in favour of the left wing candidate who ended up winning the election.

Author — ShortT-RexLikeArms


It never ceases to amaze me how you can take such complicated topics, which have inspired thousands upon thousands of pages of intense argument, and eloquently reduce them down into interesting 20 minute video segments.

Author — Anthony D


After having spent their childhood watching the horrors of WW1, and then the resulting famines, pestilence, and civil wars following on...its more believable that people would take this more extreme view of their neighbor than we think could be reasonable.

Truly the tragedy of WW1 continues throughout the 20th century.

Author — dclark142002


Very interesting video and also useful for my students! Indy has become their second history teacher for them ;)

Author — History Hustle


6:20 "Syndicalism"

I think I need to play Kaiserreich again... Definitely the French Commune

8:15 "Action Française"

It's the non-aligned/monarchist party in a HOI4 France Reworked mod for the monarchist route of France

16:16 "Sir Oswald Mosley"


Author — Juan Matteo


Damn World War 1 did a quite a number of the psyche's of humanity as a whole.

Author — Wes Stacey


"The realism for accuracy of the shared vision doesn't matter much, as long as it can unite the troops." Well said
In other words, the truth of the vision comes second to its broadness which allows for growth and power.

Author — Nikola Dimitriev


Ironically, some French fascist movements like La Cagoule were very anti-german, and thus did not cooperate with Nazis in the occupied French territory, even though they cooperated with Vichy because they did not saw them as a German puppet

Author — Eldaxerus Kalocraw


This is the best explanation for the rise of fascism and fascist-like ideologies I’ve ever seen!

Author — Nick Moore


In Finland, there was a far-right political movement called _Lapuan liike_ (Lapua Movement).
The Lapua Movement's aim was to ban any left-wing activities and make Finland a right-wing dictatorship. The Lapua movement was modeled on Italian fascists and German Nazis. The Lapua movement initially attacked the Communists which were kidnapped in car and transported to the Soviet border and forced to walk across the border. Such deportations (which ofted ended violently) were called "muilutus" in Finnish.

In 1930, the Lapua movement organized a major peasant march ( _talonpoikaismarssi_ in Finnish). More than 10, 000 supporters of the Lapua movement marched to Helsinki to make their demands. The aim of the Peasant March was to put pressure on the Finnish government to resign and to approve the laws restricting Communist activities. The government, parliament and president feared a revolution in the Lapua Movement and agreed to the demands.

Initially, many Finns supported the Lapua movement because its aim was to destroy communism. By 1930, the Communists had almost completely ceased to exist. Subsequently, the attacks on the Lapua movement also began to target the Social Democrats and moderate bourgeoisie. In the autumn of 1930, K.J. Ståhlberg (first President of Finland) and his wife were kidnapped by the Lapua movement. It was too much for many Finns, and support for the Lapua movement declined.

The Mäntsälä uprising was the last attempt by the Lapua movement to rise to power. In 1932, supporters of the Lapua Movement suspended the meeting of the Social Democrats at the Mäntsälä Workers' House. They then summoned all patrols to join the uprising demanding the resignation of the government and a ban on the Social Democrats. The rebellion ended when President Svinhufvud made a radio speech telling the men to return to his home and promising that ordinary men who had been involved in the rebellion would not be punished.

Fun fact: Mäntsälä rebellion was the world's first rebellion defeated by radio.

Author — Hente Hoo


Between two wars is such a great series. I keep learning so much and I'm always looking forward to a new episode. You guys are the best!

Author — Sebastian Andersson


>Rise of Evil

Wait, this isn't Sabaton History

Author — Essex Class