🇪🇬 Egypt's Morsi: The Final Hours | Al Jazeera World

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🇪🇬 Egypt's Morsi: The Final Hours | Al Jazeera World 4.5

The 2011 Arab Spring had seen the end of President Hosni Mubarak's 30-year rule and within 18 months, Mohamed Morsi had become Egypt's first democratically elected president. But after one year in office, almost weekly street protests and riots appeared to reach a climax with calls for Morsi to resign and even for the military to intervene. In July 2013, Morsi was overthrown.

Al Jazeera's Jamal Elshayyal reported on events in Egypt at the time - and now reveals new exclusive evidence of top-level conspiracy, power-broking and betrayal in the turmoil that led to Morsi's last days in office.

Until now, much of what took place in the final days of the Morsi presidency was known only to those who witnessed the events first hand. Of the nine men with Morsi at the time, only one is no longer in jail.

In this film, Egypt's former foreign relations assistant, Khaled al-Qazzaz among others, tells the behind-the-scenes story of the Morsi presidency's final hours.

Throughout 2012 and into 2013, the streets of Egypt were rocked by almost weekly protests and riots, as well as an anger and frustration that divided the nation. The people who had risen up in 2011 had seen little improvement economically and they felt that the freedom they had gained was being misused by some to create chaos.

Continuous power cuts, fuel shortage and petrol queues that later were proven to have been orchestrated by the deep state, lead to a toxic mix of anger and despair among the public.

But the crisis in Egypt was not limited to fuel shortages and wages, nor were they limited to the big cities. In Sinai, attacks took place against security forces by groups that few had heard of before.

‎‎"President Morsi complained about interference from a certain Gulf state and told me that they had detected weapons shipments from this country to armed groups in Sinai, as well as money being sent to them," says Khalid al-Attiyah, Qatari minister of defence and former foreign minister. "But he also told me he was able to negotiate with this state."

As protests continued and events unfolded, concern was expressed by world leaders. But it seemed Morsi's fate had already been sealed.

"‎‎From what I know, senior US government officials by that juncture June 25, 2013, were aware of the possibility of a military coup against Morsi,"‎‎ ‎‎according to Andrew Miller, US National Security Council (2014-2017).

Days after Morsi's June 26 speech, in which he attempted to pacify the population and offered several concessions to the opposition, his minister of defence General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi issued him with an ultimatum either to step down or face military intervention.

"‎‎By the time that the military issued a 48-hour ultimatum, I think the overwhelming view in the US government was that it was too late. ‎‎That the die had already been cast, and no matter what happened short of Morsi resigning preemptively, that the military was going to forcibly remove him from the position of the presidency," explains Miller.‎‎

President Morsi was overthrown on July 3, 2013, and initially placed under house arrest where he was held incommunicado.

Khalid al-Qazzaz, the presidential secretary for foreign affairs, recounts his last meetings with Morsi: "On the morning of July 4, we were allowed to have breakfast with the president. We found him to be surprisingly calm. He said it was the first time he'd been able to sleep for consecutive hours since he'd assumed responsibility."

"It was clear he'd done his utmost to preserve the gains of the revolution and protect the Egyptian people. It was now up to the people either to choose to return to a police state or try to restore their revolution."

Mohamed Morsi's one-year presidency was troubled from the start by a country still divided after the 2011 revolution and by forces at work within the so-called "deep state" - which combined to bring about his "final hours".

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💬 Comments on the video

The moment Morsi became the president of Egypt I remember telling my father that he is not going to be president for long because he was a problem for Israel and America

Author — Bilal Mufti


Morsi's worst crime was helping the Gazans. Look how the lapdog General Sissy is pitilessly making Egypt complicit in Israel's war crimes against Gaza and Palestine.

Author — Md Talha Ansari


El-sisi is a corrupt dictator . So there is no democracy in Egypt

Author — Α lυςαδ


They plan, but Allah plans and Allah is the best of planners - Surely the ousting of Morsi was for a reason that Allah knows better than us yet we may see it as counterproductive surely Allah is the All-Knowing.

Author — iPeace


We belong to God and to Him shall we all return. Mohammed Morsi was a true hero. May Allah grant him the highest place in Jannah. Aameen.

Author — skbilal28


Thats the sloppiest job or joint effort by the CIA and Mossad to remove a middle eastern leader and replace with one of their own. El-sisi is 100% a foreign spy. No doubt

Author — -Ding- -Dong-


A slave of Allah is back to his Lord,
A great place His Lord promised him.

Author — Muzammil Khan


if you want to defeat an Arab, make him think his brother is the problem. They are masters of self sabotage

Author — Frank Moch


well deserved. these people will never learn from the past. They are like sheeps without shper

Author — JayKhan


Shame on the Muslim leaders. Only Erdogan stood against Rabbi Sisi.

Author — Gandalf the Grey


Pharaoh Sisi Killed Morsi,
Egyptians have rediculed not themselves, but their name, land and Ancestors.

Author — Muzammil Khan


The plan is not to give Middle East democracy, it is to kill democracy in Middle East.
And it is working.

Author — Rodell E-run


R.I.P Morsi, these evil men will pay for what they have done

Author — White Phoenix of the Crown


The irony! The legitimately elected President is being persecuted while an illegitimate one is ruling over. This is utter shame, Egyptians rallied the streets to overthrow a military dictator, just to have another one take over. We pray for Egypt and the Egyptians!

Author — Hamza Khaouti


they tried in turkey, ...now venezuela

Author — M.Shafi18


I use to think that Egyptians are wise ppl and i used to be proud of them.. but time has proved me wrong.

Author — Nabeel Khan


Oh my God what they did to Morsi was horrible!!

Author — Nedel Tesfay


This is the death of SISI no Muhamammd Mursi..
We will miss you Muhammad Mursi Sir..😢😢😢😭😭😭

Author — Ar. Arif Khan


The people of Egypt shot themselves in the leg.

Author — SAMI


I'm comment from kenya this was so sad you will never get a leader like mursi

Author — Hassan juma Chipua